There are five different writing techniques writers use. Writers use these different writing techniques to express their ideas, opinions, and various other things to readers.
An important form of communication is writing. Writers have different purposes for writing and will use different writing techniques to fit each purpose. To be able to get a point across in writing, a writer should master each of the following writing techniques.
1. DESCRIPTION Description will use the senses of feeling, seeing, hearing, smelling, and tasting. Through description, a writer helps the reader experience what they experience. Having good descriptive details in the written words, the writer will help the reader more clearly understand the different people, places, and things about what the writer is writing about. Descriptive writing is the most common form of writing. Newspapers, magazines, books, and most forms of written communication uses descriptive writing.
2. EXPOSITION A writer uses exposition to inform, explain, and clarify his or her ideas and thoughts. To help the reader understand what is written, exposition goes beyond description with greater clarity and depth. It helps the reader understand the ideas and thoughts of the writer. Like descriptive writing, expository writing is commonly found in newspapers, magazines, and books, besides other forms of written communication.
3. NARRATION A writer tells a story through narration. A story has characters, a setting, a time, a problem, ways of solving the problem, and a solution to the problem. Examples of narrative writing are short stories, novels, and scripts written for movies and plays.
4. PERSUASION To try to change a reader’s point of view on a topic, subject, or position, a writer uses persuasion. The writer will present facts and opinions to try to get the reader to understand why something is right, wrong, or in between. Examples of persuasive writing are editorials, letters to the editor, and the words for a political speech.
5. COMPARISON AND CONTRAST By using comparison and contrast, a writer points out the similarities and differences about a certain topic. A writer will use comparison to show the reader what is alike or in common between two points or subject matters. Contrast will be used to point out the things that are not alike or similar. Describing how life was like in 1911 and how life is like today in 2011 would allow the writer to use a lot of comparison and contrast.
Whenever you are writing something, think of those five writing techniques. If you use the writing technique that best fits your purpose, you will be able to communicate your ideas in the written word more effectively.